Constitutionally, every state in the United States of America is required to have a house of representatives and each of them comprises one hundred and fifty members who are elected by the state members and they all serve a two-year term. The requirements for one to have a seat in a house of representatives are one must be 21 years old and above, must be a citizen of the United States, must be a voter who has been qualified to vote in the state, the member must have lived in the state for two years before being elected and also must live in the district that he or she is being legally chosen from for at least a year and must be a member of a political party. After they are elected and sworn in, the Regular Session begins which happen for about 5 months every year and all the elected members elect one member of the House who will be the state’s speaker of the house of representatives. For 2 years, the speaker of the house of representatives will serve as the presiding officer of the House. During the two-year term, the speaker of the house of representatives performs some duties. Below are the functions of the speaker of the house of representatives.
The speaker of the house of representatives is chosen to serve as the presiding officer of the House each time a new Regular session commenced and is chosen through casting a ballot by the other elected members of the House. The speaker of the house of representatives will maintain order during the debate sessions by recognizing those that wish to speak and give a ruling on the procedural matters. The Constitution requires the speaker of the house of representatives to sign all the bills and the joint petitions which have been passed by the legislature. The speaker of the house of representatives may also vote since he is a member of the house of representative an all the questions brought into the House.
The speaker of the house of representatives will help in the conducting of the meetings of the House where he or she chairs these meetings. The speaker will also make sure that the Rules of the House have been adhered to. If a seat in the House of Representatives is vacant due to some reason, the Speaker will declare it a vacant seat.
The speaker of the house of representatives has the authority to appoint the members of a Legislative committee and chairs them. The powers of the speaker such as this one are usually voted for by the members of the House before a regular session begins. To summarize, we have now learned about the function of a Speaker.